Veröffentlichungen Prof. Dr. Ralf Bruns


Wartena, C., Bruns, R. (Hrsg.): "Smart Data Analytics: Schriften des Forschungsclusters Smart Data Analytics", Hannover: Hochschule Hannover, 2020, ISSN 2699-3384, DOI:, URN:

Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S.: "Evaluating Crowdshipping Systems with Agent-Based Simulation", in: N. Bassiliades et al. (Eds.): EUMAS 2020/AT 2020, LNAI 12520, Springer Nature Switzerland, 2020, pp. 396-411, DOI:

Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S.: "On-Time Delivery in Crowdshipping Systems: An Agent-Based Approach Using Streaming Data", in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, IOS Press, 2020.


Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S.: "Stream-based perception for cognitive agents in mobile ecosystems", in the journal: AI Communications, vol. 32, no. 4, IOS Press, 2019, pp. 271-286, DOI: 10.3233/AIC-190614.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Offel, N.: "Learning of Complex Event Processing Rules with Genetic Programming", in the journal: Expert Systems With Applications, Volume 129, Elsevier, 2019, pp. 186-199, DOI:

Knauf, F., Bruns, R.: "A Peek into the Swarm: Analysis of the Gravitational Search Algorithm and Recommendations for Parameter Selection", in: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO 2019), Prague, Czech Republic, ACM New York, NY, USA, 2019, pp. 30-38.

Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S.: "Stream-Based Perception for Agents on Mobile Devices", in Lujak, M. (Ed.): Agreement Technologies, AT 2018, Bergen, Norway, LNAI 11327, Springer, Cham, 2019, pp. 73-87, DOI:


Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S.: "Event-Driven Agents: Enhanced Perception for Multi-Agent Systems Using Complex Event Processing", in: Belardinelli, F., Argente, E. (eds): Multi-Agent Systems and Agreement Technologies, (EUMAS 2017), Évry, France, LNCS 10767, Springer, Cham, 2017, pp. 463-475.

Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S.: "Towards Dynamic Rebalancing of Bike Sharing Systems: An Event-Driven Agents Approach", in: Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 18th EPIA Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2017, Porto, Portugal, LNAI 10423, Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 309-320, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65340-2_26.

Dötterl, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J.: "Incorporating Situation Awareness into Recommender Systems", in: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems (ICEIS 2017) - Volume 2, Porto, Portugal, ISBN: 978-989-758-248-6, ScitePress, 2017, pp. 676-683.


Bruns, R., Dunkel, J.: "Complex Event Processing: Komplexe Analyse von massiven Datenströmen mit CEP", ISBN: 978-3-658-09898-8, Springer Vieweg Wiesbaden, 2015.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Masbruch, H., Stipkovic, S.: "Intelligent M2M: Complex Event Processing for Machine-to-Machine Communication", in the journal: Expert Systems With Applications, Volume 42, Issue 3, Elsevier, 2015, pp. 1235-1246, DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2014.09.005.

Coronado, M., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Stipkovic, S.: "Context-awareness in Task Automation Services by Distributed Event Processing", 7th International Workshop on Context-Awareness and Personalization in Cloud and Service Computing (PCS 2014), Thessaloniki, Greece, 2014, in: B. Benatallah et al. (Eds.): Web Information System Engineering - WISE 2014 Workshops, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, LNCS 9051, 2015, pp. 190-203.


Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Billhardt, H., Lujak, M., Ossowski, S.: Using Complex Event Processing to Support Data Fusion for Ambulance Coordination, 17th IEEE International Conference on Information Fusion (Fusion 2014) in Salamanca, Spain, 2014.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Lier, S., Masbruch, H.: DS-EPL: Domain-Specific Event Processsing Language, 8th ACM International Conference on Distributed Event-Based Systems (DEBS), Mumbai, India, 2014.

Billhardt, H., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Lujak, M., Ossowski, S.: Intelligent Event Processing for Emergency Medical Assistance, 29th ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC 2014) in Gyeongju, Korea, 2014.


Beckstein, S., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Renners, L. (2013), Integrating Semantic Knowledge in Data Stream Processing, in: Proceeding of the 9th International Workshop on Knowledge Engineering and Software Engineering (KESE9), Koblenz, Germany.

Stipkovic, S., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2013), Pervasive Computing by Mobile Complex Event Processing, in:  Proceedings of The 10th IEEE International Conference on e-Business Engineering (ICEBE 2013), Coventry, UK, IEEE, S. 318-323.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2013), Towards pattern-based architectures for event processing systems, in: Software: Practice and Experience, John Wiley & Sons, DOI: 10.1002/spe.2204.

Metzdorf, M., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Masbruch, H. Hellwich, I., Kasten, S. (2013), Complex Event Processing für intelligente mobile M2M-Kommunikation, in: ITG-Fachbericht der 18. ITG Fachtagung Mobilkommunikation, Osnabrück, Germany, VDE-Verlag, S. 58-63.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R., Stipkovic, S. (2013), Event-Based Smartphone Sensor Processing for Ambient Assisted Living, in: IEEE Eleventh International Symposium on Autonomous Decentralized Systems (ISADS), Mexico City, Mexico, IEEE, S. 221-226.


Westhuis, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2012), Using CEP-based Blackboards for Coordinating Mobile RFID Agents, in: Ossowski, S., Toni, F., Vouros, G.  (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Agreement Technologies (AT 2012), Dubrovnik, Croatia,, S. 107-108.

Renners, L., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2012), Situation-Aware Energy Control by Combining Simple Sensors and Complex Event Processing, in: Proceedings of the Workshop on AI Problems and Approaches for Intelligent Environments (AI@IE 2012 in conjunction with ECAI 2012), Montpellier, France,, Vol-907, S. 29-34.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R. (2012), Design Patterns for Event-Driven Architectures, in: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems (ICEIS 2012), Wroclaw, Poland, SciTePress, S. 187-192.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2012), Model-Driven Development of Mobile Information Systems, in: Alencar, P., Cowan, D. (Hrsg.), Handbook of Research on Mobile Software Engineering: Design, Implementation, and Emergent Applications, IGI Global, S. 95-112.


Westhuis, J, Dunkel, Bruns, R.: Event-based Location Detection, Proceedings of the 19th IEEE International Conference on Software Telecommunications and Computer Networks, Croatia, 2011.


Westhuis, J., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Knop, W. ,Eichstädt, T.:
Intelligente Lokalisierung von Gegenständen mit Complex Event Processing, 
in: Proceedings BTW – Workshops, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Schriftenreihe des Fachbereichs Informatik Bd. 30, 2011, S. 33-42.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2010), Event-Driven Architecture: Softwarearchitektur für ereignisgesteuerte Geschäftsprozesse, Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R., Pawlowski, O. (2010), Complex Event Processing in Sensor-Based Decision Support Systems,   in: Nag, B. (Hrsg.), Intelligent Systems in Operations: Methods, Models and Applications in the Supply Chain, IGI Global, S. 64-79.


Pawlowski, O., Dunkel, J., Bruns, R., Ossowski, S. (2009), Applying Event Stream Processing on Traffic Problem Detection, in: Seabra Lopes, L. et al. (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 14th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence (EPIA 2009), Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg, S. 27-38.


Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2008), Intelligent Agents for E-Learning, in: Sugumaran, V. (Hrsg.), Intelligent Information Technologies and Applications, IGI: , S. 25-42.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R. (2008), Reference Architecture for Event-Driven RFID Applications, in: Sheng, Q., Maamar, Z., Zeadally, S., Cameron, M. (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on RFID Technology (IWRT), INSTICC: Barcelona, S. 129-135.


Rieger, I., Bruns, R. (2007), SOA-Governance und -Rollen: Sichern des Mehrwerts einer service-orientierten Architektur, in: OBJEKTspektrum, S. 20-24.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R. (2007), Model-Driven Architecture for Mobile Applications, in: Abramowicz, W. (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Business Information Systems, Poznan (Poland), Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, S. 464-477.


Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S. (2006), Applying Advisory Agents on the Semantic Web for E-Learning, in: International Journal of Intelligent Information Technologies, Bd. 2, Nr. 3, S. 40-55.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R., Ossowski, S. (2006), Semantic E-Learning Agents – Supporting E-Learning By Semantic Web and Agent Technologies, in: Seruca, I., Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., Filipe, J. (Hrsg.), Enterprise Information Systems VI, Springer : Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, S. 167-178.


Schmiedel, M., Pawlowski, O., Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Nitze, F. (2005), Mobile Services in Adhoc Networks, Proceedings of NetObjectDays, Erfuhrt, Germany, ISBN 3-9808628-4-4, S. 167-178.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R. (2005), Software Architecture of Advisory Systems Using Agent and Semantic Web Technologies, in: (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence, Compiègne (France), IEEE Computer Society: Los Alamitos, California, S. 418-421.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Ossowski, S. (2005), Advisory Agents in the Semantic Web, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems ICEIS Volume 4, Miami (USA).


Dunkel, J., Bruns, R., Holitschke, A. (2004), Comparison of JavaServer Pages and XSLT: a software engineering perspective, in: Software – Practice and Experience, Bd. 34, S. 1-13.

Dunkel, J., Bruns, R., Ossowski, S. (2004), Semantic E-Learning Agents – Supporting E-Learning By Semantic Web and Agent Technologies, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems ICEIS, Porto (Portugal).


Bruns, R., Dunkel, J. (2003), Ein eLearning-Portal unter Einsatz von XML und XSLT, in: Mertens, P. (Hrsg.), XML-Komponenten in der Praxis, Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, S. 85-111.

Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., von Helden, J. (2003), Secure Smart Card-Based Access to an E-Learning Portal, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems ICEIS, Angers (France).


Bruns, R., Dunkel, J., Holitschke, A. (2002), JavaServer Pages oder XSLT, in: JavaSPEKTRUM, Nr. 4, S. 60-66.

Bruns, R., Horneber, H., Ziegert, C. (2002), Eine Meta-Suchmaschine für das Retrieval von medizinischen Informationen in heterogenen Internet-Informationsquellen, Proceedings der 24. Online-Tagung der DGI, Frankfurt.


Sauer, J., Bruns, R. (1997), Knowledge-Based Scheduling Systems in Industry and Medicine, in: IEEE Expert (Spezial Track on Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing), Bd. 12, Nr. 1, S. 24-31.

Bruns, R. (1997), Chapter F1.5: Applications of Evolutionary Computation: Scheduling, in: Bäck, T., Fogel, D., Michalewicz, Z. (Hrsg.), Handbook of Evolutionary Computation, Oxford University Press and Institute of Physics Publishing.

Sauer, J., Appelrath, H.-J., Bruns, R., Henseler, H. (1997), Design- Unterstützung für Ablaufplanungsprobleme, in: Künstliche Intelligenz, S. 37-42.


Bruns, R. (1996), Wissensbasierte Genetische Algorithmen: Integration von Genetischen Algorithmen und Constraint-Programmierung zur Lösung kombinatorischer Optimierungsprobleme, Infix-Verlag.

Appelrath, H.-J., Bruns, R., Henseler, H., Sauer, J. (1996), Aktuelle Arbeiten der AG Wissensbasierte Planungssysteme im FB Informatik der Universität Oldenburg, in: Sauer, J., Günter, A. Herzberg, J. (Hrsg.), Planen und Konfigurieren 96 - Beiträge zum 10. Workshop "Planen und Konfigurieren" (PuK-96), Infix-Verlag: , S. 219-222.


Bruns, R. (1995), Integration of Constraint Solving Techniques in Genetic Algorithms, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation, Perth, Australia, IEEE Press, S. 33-38.

Sauer, J., Bruns, R. (1995), Intelligent Multi-Site Coordination and Scheduling, Proceedings of the International Conference on Improving Manufacturing Performance in a Distributed Enterprise: Advanced Systems and Tools, Edinburgh, Scotland, S. 207-214.

Bruns, R., Sauer, J. (1995), Knowledge-Based Multi-Site Coordination and Scheduling, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM), Stuttgart, Germany, Begell House, S. 115-123.

Sauer, J., Appelrath, H.-J., Bruns, R. (1995), PWB: A Design Assistant for Scheduling Systems, INFORMS New Orleans Fall 1995 National Meeting, USA.


Bruns, R. (1994), GAP - A Knowledge-Augmented Genetic Algorithm for Industrial Production Scheduling Problems, in: Kunze, J., Stoyan, H. (Hrsg.), KI-94 Workshops - Extended Abstracts, 18. Deutsche Jahrestagung für Künstliche Intelligenz, GI, S. 87-88.

Appelrath, H.-J., Bruns, R. (1994), Genetische Algorithmen zur Lösung von Ablaufplanungsproblemen, in: Reusch, B. (Hrsg.), Fuzzy Logik - Theorie und Praxis - 4. Dortmunder Fuzzy-Tage, Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg, S. 25-33.

Appelrath, H.-J., Bruns, R., Henseler, H., Sauer, J. (1994), Planner's Workbench - eine Werkzeugumgebung zur Modellierung und Konfigurierung von Ablaufplanungsproblemen, in: Bergmann, R. et al. (Hrsg.): Beiträge zum 8. Workshop Planen und Konfigurieren, Kaiserslautern, SEKI Working Paper SWP-94-01, S. 3-9.

Sauer, J., Bruns, R. (1994), Knowledge-Based Scheduling Systems in Prolog, in: Sterling, L. (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Practical Application of Prolog, London, UK, S. 453-470.


Bruns, R. (1993), Knowledge-Augmented Genetic Algorithm for Production Scheduling, in: Workshop Notes of the IJCAI-93 Workshop on Knowledge- based Production Planning, Scheduling, and Control, Chambery, France, S. 49-58.

Bruns, R. (1993), Direct Chromosome Representation and Advanced Genetic Operators for Production Scheduling, in:   Forrest, S. (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms (ICGA), Urbana Champaign, USA, Morgan Kaufmann Publishing, S. 352-359.

Appelrath, H.-J., Bruns, R., Henseler, H., Müller, B., Sauer, J. (1993), Arbeiten zum Thema Wissensbasierte Produktionsplanung und - steuerung an der Universität Oldenburg, in: Horz, A. (Hrsg.), Beiträge zum 7. Workshop Planen und Konfigurieren, Hamburg, Germany, Arbeitsberichte der GMD 723, S. 158-162.


Bruns, R., Appelrath, H.-J. (1992), A General Model for Scheduling Problems, in: Beulens, A.J.M., Dolezal, J., Sebastian, H.-J. (Hrsg.), Optimization-Based Computer-Aided Modelling and Design: Proceedings of the Second Working Conference of the IFIP TC 7.6 Working Group, Schloß Dagstuhl, Germany, Lansa Publishing BV, S.163-179.

Bruns, R. (1992), Incorporation of a Knowledge-Based Scheduling System into a Genetic Algorithm, in: Görke, W.,   Rininsland, H., Syrbe, M.(Hrsg.), Tagungsband der 22. GI-Jahrestagung, Karlsruhe, Germany, Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Heidelberg, S. 547-553.


Bruns, R., Appelrath, H.-J. (1991), Ein universelles Modell für Ablaufplanungsprobleme, in: Wirtschaftsinformatik, Bd. 33, Nr. 6, S. 


Bruns, R. (1990), Wissensbasierte Produktionsplanung, Diplomarbeit am Fachbereich Informatik der Universität Oldenburg.